The best defense against termites is prevention . Don't invite termites into your home. The Subterranean Termite does the more damage to wood than any other wood destroying insect. Termites are hard to notice until the damage is visible and by then they are well established in your home. Eliminate all wood to soil contact. If wood is going to be in contact with the soil make sure it has been pressure treated. You can also use concrete under contact points. Remove wood scraps and tree stumps from around foundation. Seal any openings through foundation walls, keep shrubs trimmed away from foundation to make inspections easier. Leave a two inch gap between house and planter boxes and soil -filled porches. Termites need wood, moisture and shelter to live. Don't make it easy for them to find a home in your home.
According to the Department of Veterans Affairs, "Termite inspections are required on existing properties if they are located in an area where the probability of termites infestation is 'very heavy' or 'moderate to heavy' according to the Termite Infestation Probability Map published in the international residential code. Ohio is located in the moderate to heavy area on the map. Currently the FHA does not require a termite inspection, however they do require a home inspection.
Ohio regulation requires that inspections for wood-destroying insects in a property involved in a real estate inspection be performed by a licensed inspector. The Wood-Destroying Insect Inspection license is part of Ohio Pesticide Law and therefore requires the inspectors to obtain an Ohio Commercial Pesticide Applicator License. Additionally, the inspector is required to attend a five-hour mandatory training before obtaining their license.